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Broderick is a community, not a gang: New nonprofit stems from racial profiling of neighborhood boys
By Monica Stark
Editor’s Note: This is the first part in a series about the Broderick Boys and neighborhood efforts to bring attention to racial profiling and what community members call unjust sentences. One of the stories in the series will focus on the police perspective.
On Saturday, April 23, West Sacramentans came together at the West Sacramento Police Department to rally against the gang injunction which members of a newly formed nonprofit, Broderick is Not a Gang, say has caused four juveniles to be detained in custody for more than a year.
In June 2015, four youths — Angelo Yabes, 14, Joseph Gomez, 15, Xavier Vincent Perez, 16, and Xavier Westford, 17 — were detained and accused of three separate robberies of pizza delivery drivers despite statements from all the drivers indicating they could not identify who assaulted them. District attorney attempts to charge them as adults and under gang enhancements failed causing all charges to be dropped, only to be picked up against under a “995” (which states the Judge made an error). Yet, Double Jeopardy prohibits a person from being charged twice for a crime. In another attempt to prosecute, on April 7, the DA announced and filed grand jury indictment charges against the four youths as adults.
Their mothers are taking a stand to stop the gang injunction with Broderick is a Community, Not a Gang. This is for the four sons, they say, are being victimized and incarcerated by the gang injunction. The nonprofit will hire legal counsel to overturn the gang injunction in West Sacramento.
The injunction puts several restrictions upon those it affects, including a curfew, making it illegal to associate or assemble with other alleged members, trespassing and drinking anywhere in public view.
Activists say the people of Broderick are a close-knit bunch and that they’ve known each other for years, were raised next door to each other and many have helped raise their children together as well.
Residents of the area say the community has been torn apart by the injunction. “Friends and family members can no longer go to family barbecues or attend each other’s children’s birthday parties,” said a community activist. “They can’t go to the movies together; they can’t attend night school because classes get out after the curfew. This injunction harms the quality of life of our community.”
In a letter to the editor of the Woodland Daily Democrat, Becky Olvera of Woodland, back in 2010 wrote that prior to West Sacramento building James Marshall High School in the early 1950s, students from east Yolo were bused to and attended Woodland High School for years; as were students from Knights Landing, and perhaps also from the town of Yolo. “Those students congregated on campus in their respective city groups. The Woodland students identified and referred to the out of town boys by where they lived. Thus they imposed the identification names, such as the Knights Landing Boys, the Bryte Boys, the West Sac Boys, the Broderick Boys, and the Yolo Boys. Later the Yolo Boys’ name was changed to The Yolo Cats,” Olvera wrote.
She wrote about the beginning of the West Sacramento Gang Injunction Trial. “In 2008 Judge Kathleen White imposed the preliminary injunction, and now the District Attorney’s office is seeking a permanent injunction for a certain area called the ‘safety zone’ in West Sacramento, which I assume incorporates only the streets that once were the streets of the city of Broderick before it became part of West Sacramento. As an interested citizen I sat in on the proceedings the first week when the civil trial began last month. The District Attorney’s office, to put it in the simplest term, intends to prove that a triangle exists. Namely, that the Broderick Boys, Nortenos, and street gangs mean one and the same thing, and that they are intertwined and prevalent in the ‘safety zone’ area.”
Back in 2007, for the same newspaper, the author of today’s News-Ledger article wrote about Billy Wolfinton who went by the name “Bouncer.” Rather than serving all 350 alleged members of the gang, the district attorney served just him. Reisig said that Wolfington, a self-proclaimed Broderick Boy, was seen talking to other gang members at the time the gang injunction was served. “It would be an absolute certainty that he told other gang members,” Reisig said back then. The DA said that Wolfington had a tattoo on his chest that says ” Broderick “, was wearing Broderick ‘s gang color – red – and has been arrested many times in relation with the Broderick Boys for possession of drugs and guns.
But Wolfington didn’t show up in court. And because he didn’t come to court to accept his injunction, Justice Thomas Warriner placed it on the entire neighborhood.
The injunction’s three-square-mile radius which previously included Doss Way, Brookfield, Franklyn Boulevard and Morrison Creek has been extended out to Interstate 80, activists say. Under the provisions of the order, violating any of the activities listed on the junction becomes a crime. For instance, if an employee of a gang member litters or is present on the premises of an uninhabited or abandoned apartment or building, that person is in violation.
Under the West Sacramento Police Department’s list of criteria for gang membership, any two of eleven criteria must be met to be considered a gang member. But the criteria are broad, including items such as: “Individual wears gang clothing/colors” and “Individual displays gang graffiti on personal belongings,” without specifying which colors, clothing or graffiti are considered gang-related.
The organizers of the April event also included members of the National Latino Information and Resource Center, the ANSWER Coalition, the Labor Council For Latin American Advancement, ALF-CIO, the Brown Berets de SacraAztlan, the Party for Socialism and Liberation and the West Sacramento Committee To Boycott Driscoll.
Being an election year, the group has continued to take action with a voter registration drive that will impact the Nov. 8 elections. One of the group’s founders, Maria Grijalva, stated she will run for city council. “This November a new wave of West Sacramento residents will be raising their voice with their vote and will end the gang injunction.”
“The reason we formed the nonprofit is that four boys were accused of a pizza delivery robbery. And now they have a $2.5 million bail. Even though there was no violence, they are being threatened with life sentences. Their mothers are the ones who are being directly impacted… A public defender told us that it’s common knowledge that Yolo County uses direct filing to put away Latinos for life and to get rid of them in Yolo County,” Maria said.
Mother Sonia Rodriguez, whose son Elijah is profiled in this issue of the News-Ledger, said she got involved with the nonprofit as soon as she heard about it. “It is too late for my son but I believe this is an issue that will not go away. I speak for the group telling my sons story whenever I am asked, I attend the weekly meetings, I send out donation requests to help fund our efforts, I try and help out whenever and with whatever I can.”
Rodriguez would like the nonprofit to educate the community about the dangers involved in having the gang injunction in West Sacramento/Broderick Area, to remove it, to stop the direct filing on future offenders, and to have an investigation on gang officers as to their evidence gathering. “(The officer’s) word should not be law on our kids; it is too high of a price for our kids to pay for one man to determine. I don’t believe every teenaged boy that gets into trouble is a gang member. I am scared for future generations if this is not done. I don’t believe that having pride in your neighborhood makes you a gang member.”
Further, she said she would like to help change the way the police department interacts with Broderick youth. “I would like to help provide the youth of West Sacramento and Broderick a place they can go to get off the streets, to see a free youth center or free sports center opened in our neighborhood, (not only Southport) so that at-risk, low income kids have easy access to it. I would like to see these kids given a chance in life to succeed. I know it is a lot but you have to dream big. The ultimate goal is to make the Broderick community a better place to live and raise your children.”
Water regulations are recommendations, not mandates
The Stage Three Water Shortage for the City of West Sacramento was lifted on June 1. This change in water regulation has been shared through social media channels and will be in the June utility bill.
It is recommended that watering return to three days a week. This is a recommendation, not a mandate, explained Ryan Burnett, City of West Sacramento Water Conservation Coordinator. “Our hope is to offer more watering while still encouraging water conservation,” he wrote in response to an inquiry from the Ledger after readers questioned this year’s watering schedule. Burnett provided the following recommended watering schedule, as well as current water waste prohibitions:
Recommended watering schedule:
Addresses ending in 1, 3, 5, 7 or 9: Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays
Addresses ending in 0, 2, 4, 6 or 8: Wednesdays, Fridays and Sundays
Water waste prohibitions:
1. Allowing irrigation to run-off to streets and gutters
2. Using a hose not fitted with an automatic shut-off nozzle to wash a vehicle
3. Irrigation of landscape during rainfall
4. Running an irrigation system that applies water to an impervious surface
5. Running an irrigation system that is in disrepair
Let’s Talk Bike Path
By Michele Townsend
West Sacramento’s Bicycle, Pedestrian and Trails Master Plan is a huge project that the city of West Sacramento has begun.
Its purpose is to increase safety and connectivity for the bicycle and pedestrian travel throughout town. The project is citywide and will include the development of bike paths, bike routes and 10.3 miles of bike lanes will be added throughout town.
However, currently, the part of this project that has begun to take shape is the construction of the Sycamore Trail. Several pieces of land are being developed to create this trail. It begins from at the end of Rice Avenue behind Westfield Elementary, travels to Michigan, from Michigan to West Capitol, through Sycamore Park, from Evergreen to the north side of Westmore Oaks Elementary parking lot, around the front of the school and then from the south end of the school to the corner of Stone and Park.
These access easements were previously fenced off and not patrolled. They were unsafe and unsightly. These easements are now being developed to create a bike path that will allow bicycle and pedestrian traffic a safer and easier way across that section of our city.
With safety and concern for the residents a priority, the city is looking into such things as the installation of two-stage lighting. These lights will have low light output with motion sensors that will brighten the light as you get closer. This type of lighting will increase safety, save energy, and will be less invasive to the residents.
Though we already have a few West Sac bicycle police officers, the Eyes on the Street concept will be the primary system of security. The Eye on the Street concept simply means that when something is in public and can always be seen, there are more eyes on it – which in itself brings down the crime risk. This is NOT to say that the city expects the adjoining residents to keep watch over the bike path. They don’t! But the simple truth is that the more often it is used, the safer it is likely to be.
The city of West Sacramento is also working closely with Washington Unified School District to promote the Safe Routes to School program. This path will allow for safer bike passages to Westfield and Westmore Oaks elementary schools. In addition to the health benefits, the more people who can transition to biking and walking to school, the more it will relieve the stress and congestion of drop off and pick up times at the elementary schools. It’s also a great way for a family bike ride!
With the BPT Master Plan getting under way, the City of West Sacramento held an Open House on May 17 and 18 at City Hall where they updated the Master Plan, talked about premier projects that are moving forward, and listened to concerns that community members have. It was very informal and welcoming. As you walked in, there were several large maps on display with the existing plan, both upcoming and completed. There was also a blank map set up, and markers, for the community members to mark on the map their areas of concern. Along with it was a large tablet for those people to explain what their concern or desire was with the correlating section of map. Everybody walked around and spoke like friends.
Chris Dougherty, the project manager (or, Bike Path Master) was there to answer any questions, listen to ideas, and problems that were brought to him regarding all aspects of this project. Also attending the meeting was Jason McCoy, who explained plans and answered any questions regarding bridges. In addition, Katie Yancey was there for anything that has, does, or will involve the railroads. All three were very knowledgable and extremely forthcoming. They were also very receptive to comments from the public. A popular topic was bike racks. Maureen Price, from the Iron Works area said “I ride for pleasure but I also ride for errands, but my problem is bike racks!” Chris explained that the city is aware and working on that, but that there are conflicts between some property owners, and the businesses that lease that property. Who pays for the bike racks? Who Maintains them? Who is liable? etc. Chris listened to ideas and suggestions as he added to his growing list of areas of interest or concern. Chris told me “I think that the Open House was a success. A lot of information was exchanged, in both directions, and it was really good!” There are no current plans for any additional meeting of this sort, but the city is still very interested in the townspeople’s opinions and encourages you to go to their website, or you can email Chris at ChrisD@cityofwestsacramento.org
Municipal Election will take place in West Sacramento in November
By Jan Dalske for the News Ledger
In the City of West Sacramento (CWS) a municipal election is held on the first Tuesday in November in even-numbered years. This year a municipal election will take place and, two of the current members of the City Council terms as well as the Mayor’s term will expire.
Christopher Cabaldon became the first mayor that was directly elected by the West Sacramento voters in November 2004. He was re-elected in 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014. Voters first elected Mr. Cabaldon to the City Council in 1996. Prior to his election by the voters he had been elected to four single year terms as mayor by the West Sacramento City Council (WSCC). His current term expires in November 2016. There are no term limits in West Sacramento.
Bill Kristoff is the only original member of the WSCC that is still serving. He was first elected by the voters in 1987.This was the year that West Sacramento became incorporated as a city. He has been re-elected every year since his first term.
Beverly “Babs” Sandeen was appointed to the City Council in 2014 when Oscar Villegas left the WSCC to become a Yolo County Supervisor for the 1st District. Ms Sandeen had previously served on the West Sacramento City’s Planning Commission since 2004.
The CWS is what is known as a General Law City. It was founded in 1987. The CWS is governed by a five member city council. The City Council members are elected at large for a four year term. The Mayor is elected for a two year term. Each December, the Council meets and chooses one of its members as Mayor Pro tem.
The candidate filing period for Mayor and two City Council seats is from July 18- August 12. Interested persons will be invited to apply in person at the City Clerk’s office (City Manager’s Office 1110 W. Capitol Avenue) during normal business hours, 8-5. Appointments are recommended but not required. Additionally, qualified candidates must be a registered voter of West Sacramento and at least 18 years of age. For more information contact the City Clerk’s staff at 617-4500.
The City Clerk serves as the election officer and is responsible for issuance and acceptance of nomination papers, city measures and the publication of necessary legal notices. In addition, all campaign disclosure statements and statements of economic interest filings required by the Fair Political Practices Commission are centralized in the City Clerk’s Office. Source: City of West Sacramento
Centennial Rotary Club joins with West Sacramento Trail Riders to improve literacy
By Jan Dalske
News Ledger, West Sacramento
This was the third year that the Centennial Rotary Club, the local chapter of Rotary International co-sponsored a program to improve literacy among the second graders in West Sacramento schools. The CRC teamed with the West Sacramento Trail Riders Association.
The plan was to launch a two-pronged, equestrian attack. Don Schatzel of CRC explained the concept: “Thanks to support from the Southport PTO (parent-teacher organization) and the WSTRA, we bought a book with horses in them for every second grader at Westmore Oaks Elementary, Sac Valley Charter School, Stonegate Elementary and Westfield Village Elementary.
The News-Ledger followed up with the actual horses that the students had read about. The students came to Westmore Oaks (the “old” River City High campus on Clarendon Street) for a special assembly last week. The horse trailers were parked on the school’s football track. Emcee Roberta Firoved, a member of CRC, introduced the riders and horses when they each came closer to the excited children who had gathered near the field.
She told the assembly about the horses’ breeds and explained where the horses came were from and what they were trained to do.
She explained some details about the horses, such as why their eyes are on the sides of their heads. Because their eyes are located there, they are able to see nearly 360 degrees at one time and watch for predators. Horses can gallop at around 27 miles per hour. Domestic horses have a life span of around 25 years. A male horse is called a stallion. A female horse is referred to as a mare. A young male horse is called a colt, and a young female horse is a filly. Ponies are small horses. There were no ponies at this event.
Roberta pointed out the variety of breast collars which help keep the saddle from sliding back on the horses. Jim, a schoolteacher who recites Cowboy Poetry was riding a 20 year old Quarter Horse whose color was buckskin. Sam, short for Samuel, is a 14-year-old Spotted Appaloosa who came from an Idaho Indian Tribe. He pulls a wagon and makes funny sounds when he eats.
Robin was riding Batman, a trail quarter horse. Anne Tatum was riding Phil bareback. He was bred to have a short tail and was trained in the Amish country to pull a wagon or cart. He pulls carts in Old Sacramento.
Morrie, which means “more storms coming” is nine years old, and is taller and thinner than a standard build horse. He is a Cal Expo horse and jogged on the race track as what is called a pacer or trotter. His leg was injured and his home is in West Sacramento now.
Rod Beckwith with Charlie loves trails and just hanging. Some horses came from the Bureau of Land Management and were previously wild. The second graders were told they could pet the horses but that there would be no riding that day. After the talk, kids were invited to line up on one side of a fence while the horses came by within touching distance along the other side: “Read it, see it, touch it.”
By Jack Chandler
Somewhere around the year 2,000 B. C. (or possibly 500 A. D.; there are conflicting reports as to the timeline), the Patwin (Pat-ween) Indians were the first inhabitants of the area we now know as West Sacramento. The Patwin were connected by language with the Nomlaki and Wintu people, to the North. The Patwins lived between what is now Suisun, Vacaville, and Putah Creek.
The Patwins were a peaceful lot, operating as hunter-gatherers. This was in contrast to the more nomadic and temperamental warrior tribes in Southern California and the Plains states. Apparently, the abundance of flora and fauna in the territory put the Patwin at ease. They had a banquet of ducks, geese, deer, elk, salmon, sturgeon, mussels, pine nuts, blackberries, wild grapes, and other menu items at their disposal. Acorns were fashioned into a mush which was baked in below-ground pit ovens and re-appeared as bread.
Small groups of Patwin men would venture out, looking for deer. One man would wear a deer head, in order to get closer to a deer without alarming it.
This raises questions. Was the wearing of deer’s head an honor, or the result of someone in the group drawing a short straw ? The head had to have been cumbersome, no doubt. And, wouldn’t the deer notice that the “deer” walked upright on two legs and had several accomplices waiting expectantly behind the nearby trees ? Perhaps not.
Patwin life was dictated by three things: the Seasons, the Weather, and the Creator. Each day was a brand new beginning and significant. Each day brought new messages.
It was on such a morning, a little over four thousand years ago
(or 1, 516 years ago), that Dark Hawk, the headman of his village, assembled his tribelet around a campfire at sunrise. It was mid-July. He stood in a noble pose, his back ram-rod straight, and squinted at the sun burning through the oak tree leaves, and thought to himself, “Gonna be HOT today…”
On cooler days, he would be wearing a cape made from rabbit skins and a headdress sprouting raven or woodpecker feathers.
As the group chose their positions around the fire, and dug into their fresh chunks of acorn bread, Dark Hawk recalled something that his own father and previous tribelet headman had told him:
“I know it gets hot out here, but…remember to hydrate.”
He sat down and motioned to Singing Bird, his squaw, to bring a gourd of water.
One by one, Dark Hawk went around the circle and asked each one directly,
“What did you dream of last night ?”
This was a customary way of orchestrating the day’s events. Dark Hawk would methodically take into account, on some level, the details of each dream and plan accordingly. For each day was singularly important. Nothing was to be taken for granted.
Great Elk, who was considered a seer of sorts since a number of his dreams had predicted the weather and crop factors, was always first to speak.
“Dark Hawk, my brothers and sisters. I dreamed of a man stepping on the moon. He stepped out of a silver house, and wore the skins of a bear. But, they were white skins.”
Murmurs rose from the circle. There was much nodding of heads and stroking of chins.
“I had another dream. I saw a man walking on a road. He was looking at a thin, black stone in his hand. Looking hard. He was very serious. He tapped the stone with his finger, and spoke as he held it up to his ear.”
There was a snicker from one of the young boys in the group. A sharp glance from Dark Hawk silenced him.
“He continued to look hard at the stone, as he was walking across a second road. But, he didn’t notice a large silver, noisy wagon that ran over him.”
A barely-subdued gasp broke from the circle. This sounded like something closer to the bone, more immediate than a fantastic image of a man on the moon. Dark Hawk and the tribelet pondered this dream of the thin, black stone and the silver wagon. What could it mean ? It sounded like heavy stuff, and could not be taken lightly.
After all, each day was singularly important, and nothing was taken for granted.
Largest long-term care union nationwide opened headquarters in West Sac
Dozens of elected officials joined hundreds of caregivers for the elderly and disabled who are members of the Service Employees International Union (SEIU) Local 2015 as they celebrated the opening of their new West Sacramento headquarters on Wednesday, May 11. SEIU Local 2015 is the largest union of long term care workers in the nation with representational responsibility for over 325,000 long term care workers – nursing home and home care workers – throughout California, 20,000 in Sacramento County alone.
The Sacramento office, located at 681 W. Capitol Ave, Suite 100, will serve as the home base for efforts to advocate for improvements to California’s long term care services, economic justice for all Californians in low-wage jobs, among other policy priority issues impacting care workers. With a dozen worker leaders and organizers, the new headquarters also gives the nation’s largest union of long-term care workers a significant footprint in the Sacramento region as represented workers begin contract bargaining with local counties in the coming months.
Some current legislative priorities for Local 2015 include:
-Caregivers Count Bill (AB 2079): Bill which would increase direct care staffing levels at skilled nursing facilities to improve the quality of care for seniors, the infirm, and the disabled.
-Secure Choice Board Retirement Bill (SB 1234): Bill which would require employers to afford California workers a retirement benefit.
-Under the “Dignity Can’t Wait” slogan, Local 2015 will continue to work closely with SEIU State -Council to ensure the 7 percent restoration of hours cut to the In-Home Supportive Services program.